“The Internet of Things promises to bring every object, consumer, and activity into the digital realm” as said by Paul Dougherty, Chief Technology, and Innovation Officer.
Internet, a revolutionary invention, is always transforming into some new kind of hardware and software making it unavoidable for anyone. The form of communication that we see now is either human-human or human-device, but the Internet of Things (IoT) promises a great future for the internet where the type of communication is machine-machine (M2M).
With the continuous advancements in technology a potential innovation, IoT is coming down the road which is flourishing as a worldwide global computing network where everyone and everything will be connected to the Internet. The number of devices availing internet services is increasing every day and having all of them connected by wire or wireless will put a powerful source of information at our fingertips.
The concept of enabling interaction between intelligent machines is a cutting-edge technology. It is the approach of converging data obtained from different kinds of things to any virtual platform on existing Internet infrastructure. Internet of Things has emerged as an important technology that promises a smart human life, by allowing communication between objects, machines and everything together with people involved. IoT systems allow users to achieve deeper automation, analysis, and integration within a system. They improve the reach of these areas and their accuracy. IoT utilizes existing and emerging technology for sensing, networking, and robotics. It represents a system which consists of objects in the real world, and sensors attached to or combined to these objects, connected to the Internet via wired and wireless network structure. With the internet of things, anything’s will able to communicate to the internet at any time from any place to provide any services by any network to anyone. The applications involves the electric vehicle and smart houses, in which appliances and services that provide notifications, security and energy-saving, automation, telecommunication, computers and entertainment will be integrated into a single ecosystem with a shared user interface.
Internet of things promises many applications in human life, making life easier, safe and smart. There are many applications such as smart cities, homes, transportation, energy and smart environment. By using IoT, cities can be improved in many levels, by improving infrastructure, enhancing public transportation, reducing traffic congestion, and keeping citizens safe and healthy. By connecting all systems in a city like transportation system, healthcare system, weather monitoring systems and etc., in addition, to support people by the internet in every place to accessing the database of airports, railways, transportation tracking operating under specified protocols, cities will become smarter by means of the internet of things.
IoT primarily exploits standard protocols and networking technologies. However, the major enabling technologies and protocols of IoT are RFID, NFC, low-energy Bluetooth, low-energy wireless, low-energy radio protocols, LTE-A, and WiFi-Direct. These technologies support the specific networking functionality needed in an IoT system in contrast to a standard uniform network of common systems.
By the concept of the internet of things, homes and buildings may operate many devices and objects smartly. Of the most interesting application of IoT in smart homes and buildings are smart lighting, smart environmental and media, air control and central heating, energy management and security. Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) with integration to the internet of things technology will provide an intelligent energy management in buildings, in addition to the obvious economic and environmental gains. Internet together with energy management systems also offers an opportunity to access a buildings’ energy information and control systems from a laptop or a Smartphone placed anywhere in the world. Using IoT monitoring technologies Smart Health sensors are used to collect physiological information and use gateways and the cloud to analyze and store the information and then send the analyzed data wirelessly to caregivers for further analysis. The applications of IoT in environmental monitoring are also wide like environmental protection, extreme weather monitoring, water safety, endangered species protection, commercial farming, and more. In these applications, sensors detect and measure every type of environmental change.